Aktualisiert: 22. Nov.

What type of leader would you like to be? What type of leaders do you prefer to work with?


B: The Best and Worst Leaders

· Can you think of any successful leaders? Give reasons for your choice.

· Can you think of any atrocious leaders? Give reasons for your choice.

C: Leadership Styles

· Match the styles of leadership to the correct heading (expression).

Leadership Styles continued

· Match the leadership styles to the correct short descriptions.

1. The type of leader sees people as a reservoir of talent to be developed. This approach seeks to unlock people's full potential helping them to discover their strengths and capabilities.

2. This type of leader gives no or very little direction to his/her team. On the surface, this leader may appear to trust people to know what to do, but is often uninvolved and passes on responsibility for decision-making to others.

3. These leaders share information with employees about anything that affects their work responsibilities and also seek employees' opinions before approving a final decision.

4. These leaders are more democratic, and inclusive leaders. They give their teams the “why” and trust them to discover and deliver the “how.” They provide their teams with the autonomy to self-organize, create and do the work.

5. This leadership style is the hallmark of confident and visionary leaders who pave the way and set goals and expectations, while involving and motivating their teams along the way. They don’t take much time to explain their way of thinking.

6. This type of leader “commands and controls”. In general, this type of leader believes that he or she knows more than everyone else. They make all the decisions and seldom accept advice from team members.


· Talk about the advantages and disadvantages of the different leadership styles

· What type of leader can you best identify with (either as a leader or as an employee)?

D: Leadership Traits

· Talk about words to describe leadership characteristics. Which are positive or negative traits? Explain why.

E: Good and Bad Management

· Match the words on the left to the words on the right to make phrases about bad and good management.

F: Agree or Disagree

1. Leadership is defined by results.

2. Most leaders do not embrace change.

3. Everyone likes to work with likable people, even likable incompetent leaders.

4. Leadership is a form of behaviour and not a formal role.

5. Most politicians make lousy leaders

6. The world needs fewer leaders.

Vocabulary Box : Agree and Disagree

Are Germans less polite than English native speakers? Are we more deceitful than Germans? Are we friendlier? Are Germans more punctual? When I came to live in Germany first, I was often flabbergasted by the directness of Germans. And there are Germans who get really annoyed when native English speakers, in an effort to appear friendly, say things they don't really mean. Some Germans might call this "lying". Phrases like, “How wonderful to see you again! How‟s your beautiful wife keeping?, often seem rather insincere to Germans.

According to Professor Julianne House, of the University of Hamburg, Germans really don't make small talk. Those little phrases so familiar to us native English speakers about the weather or enquiring about a person's general well-being are practically non-existent in Germany. Interestingly, the German language does not have an expression for „small talk‟. Both the British and Americans appear to understand the fine art of how to start a conversation by relying on small talk to stimulate a conversation and to make the other person feel at ease. So what do Germans talk about at the Doctor's? Or going up the ski lift? How do they start a conversation? Or do they just get down to business immediately? Many Britons might find Germans blunt with their directness but on the other hand, the British lack of directness might be frustrating when doing business with them, which was often the case when BMW took over Rover as a lot of problems were played down. Phrases like “There are a few minor issues to be clarified” should in fact be taken seriously. There are some who would argue that Germans are more reliable and more punctual than other nationalities, which is also a form of politeness.

Small talk has become more and more important in business as it enables partners to build trust and establish rapport.

Aktualisiert: 12. Nov.

You are learning English as a foreign language and struggling to get to the next level? January is the ideal time to review your progress.

Have you reached your learning goals? Are you still focussed and motivated? If not, try to find out why you haven’t

moved ahead this semester?

Maybe your goals were not clear enough, were unachievable or you just didn’t put in the effort. If that’s the case, it is time to become an autonomous English language learner, taking responsibility for your own English learning.

Develop and plan SMART goals which will keep you focussed and motivated on your English language learning journey.


Set yourself specific and well-defined goals. ‘I want to improve my English grammar’ is NOT a specific goal. Examples of specific goals are:

  • To be able to form and use the simple past correctly

  • Expand my English job-related vocabulary, e.g.100 new words

  • Be able to take part more actively in our yearly international HR conference

  • To be able to understand and write simple emails relating to quality issues

  • To write clear and professional emails minimising grammatical errors

  • To pass the Cambridge First Certificate Exam

  • To give a presentation in English on our department’s visions for the next five years

It is an excellent idea to write down your English goals for the new semester. According to a survey carried out by Harvard MBA students, writing down goals helps students stay focussed and motivated, and the probability of accomplishing your goals is considerably higher compared to those who only have language goals or dreams in their minds.

If you are part of an English language course, discuss your language learning goals in class. Your peers and, especially your English trainer can offer you support and advice. It is essential for your English language learning success to communicate clear and transparent goals.


Not all goals are easily measurable, and it is often difficult to establish if you now speak English more fluently or if your email writing skills have improved. Is it your goal is to learn 100 new work-related vocabulary? Ideally you monitor your own progress and in addition, take

opportunities to use newly learnt vocabulary both in class and out of class. Your English trainer will ensure you are using them in the right context.

Importantly, ask your English trainer for regular feedback and also bring your emails and reports into class to have them proofread. Remember, your written correspondence reflects your professionalism and that of your company.

Furthermore, doing a test run in class before giving a presentation in English can be very beneficial, and it’s a great way of finding out if you are on track before the real presentation.


Set yourself achievable gaols that you are able to reach within your deadline. To be able to speak English like a native speaker is for the majority unachievable. You also need to know how you will accomplish your goals. Decide how you will learn and practice new vocabulary. Will you use vocabulary cards, a vocabulary app or write lists?

If your goals are too ambitious or time is currently a limited resource, you won't accomplish your learning goals unless you re-define them.

In short, if you want to be able to write better emails, it is prerequisite to learn appropriate email vocabulary and phrases, practice writing emails related to your context and have them corrected regularly.


Set yourself learning goals that are closely connected to your ‘needs’ and ‘wants’. Are your English learning needs mainly connected to your job role, tasks and responsibilities? Frequently ask yourself if your goals are still relevant. It is easier to stay motivated by continuously reviewing the relevancy of your goals.

A qualified and experienced language trainer will tailor the course contents to suit your requirements.

Time Management and Time Limit

Plan your language learning time. Decide when and how much time you are going to spend learning English. Develop a timeline and set a deadline for both mini goals and long term goals, e.g. "Learn 100 new work-related vocabulary by April 30th, 2017."

Get started immediately and plan your SMART language learning goals as your NEW YEAR’S RESOLUTION.

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